A very good blood stop can be prepared to
prevent bleeding when toe clipping and pinioning. Start with a quart
size glass mayonnaise jar with a plastic top. Add 150 ml (5 fluid
ounces or 10 tablespoons) of the green rubbing alcohol that has
wintergreen in it plus 30 ml (1 fluid ounce or 2 tablespoons) of
water to the jar. Stir gently to mix the alcohol and water. Begin
adding a small amount (teaspoon) of aluminum chloride and stir well.
Only small amounts should be added at a time as large amounts can
produce a great deal of heat. After each addition of aluminum
chloride, let the mixture sit for 15 minutes or so. If all of the
aluminum chloride dissolves repeat the aluminum chloride addition
process. Keep adding aluminum chloride until no more will dissolve.
This point is reached when crystals start to appear on the bottom of
the liquid. If you overdo the aluminum chloride by a large amount
just add some more water (1 part) and alcohol (5 parts) and stir.
Ingredients and Equipment|
In pinioning or toe clipping apply pressure
with the forefinger and thumb to the joint where the cut will be
made. After making the cut apply a drop or two of the Chenoa
Pinion-Aid you have constructed on the cut and hold for ten seconds
then release pressure. Hold a little longer than ten seconds if the
bird is older than "just coming out of the incubator." Use of an eye
dropper or a dropper bottle to make the application of Chenoa
Pinion-Aid will help in conserving your creation, make the
application more accurate, and minimize the mess. Recheck each bird
before calling the operation over to be sure there is no bleeding.
Be careful to not get the liquid in your
eyes, the bird's eyes, or on good furniture. Be very careful to keep
it away from small children. Although used with caution, Chenoa
Pinion-Aid has been used to pinion geese that were two weeks old.
The secret to the use of Chenoa Pinion-Aid is to apply good pressure
and to retain the hold for several seconds. Older birds require
longer pressure application. The idea is to not let bleeding start
before getting the Chenoa Pinion-Aid on the cut. If bleeding does
start, dry the area with paper towel, apply pressure again, make a
new cut even if a very small one, apply more Chenoa Pinion-Aid, and
hold a little longer than the original attempt.
When I started raising birds I was primarily
involved with raising geese. With my open water setting they all had
to be pinioned. I tried all kinds of things to stop bleeding such as
powder, dehorning blood stop, styptic sticks, styptic powder, etc.
Invariably just when I thought I was through pinioning about half of
those pinioned would be bleeding out from under the patch of blood
stop. Having taught chemistry at White Station High School in
Memphis during the 60s, I sat down with some of my chemistry books.
After a good bit of review and a few tries back in the late 80s
Chenoa Pinion-Aid emerged. Karl Zimmerman and I have been using it
ever since. With a little practice using Chenoa Pinion-Aid you can
pinion and toe clip waterfowl in a white suit. Just be sure to wash
your hands after using Chenoa Pinion-Aid.
Sources of ingredients and equipment:
Aluminum Chloride (Reagent Grade; Crystal; 500g)
$18.50 plus shipping, minimum charge and caustic materials
fees 02/05/2008 from a scientific supply company. The added fees
make it expensive, but it sure is nice.
Alcohol Wintergreen (70% Isopropyl Alcohol - $1.40 for
16 fluid ounces)
This will make a lot of Chenoa Pinion-Aid. A 100g bottle
might be a possibility.
This grade is relatively cheap and is used in science
education (school science laboratories).
White Storage Code
(These chemicals may harm skin, eyes, mucous membranes.)
Obtain from scientific/school science laboratory supply
companies or possibly your local drug store can obtain it for
Wal-Mart, local grocery or drugstore
Eye dropper (salvaged medical dropper)
Dropper bottle (Eye
drops or Ear Drops, etc.)
Midget Diagonal-Cutting Pliers (nothing fancy - about 5 inches
tip to tip)
ACE or other hardware brand
Cuticle cutter, Toenail cutter (not
Various Stores and Drug Stores
Other "Reaching For Your Head, Rather Than Your Pocketbook"
Can Be Found At: Fowl Ideas
For The Aviculturist
For more information please contact:
Waterfowl of Chenoa, Curator
08-Mar-2008 18:15:27 CST